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TC-2012-000020-MDG - Madagascar Cyclone Giovanna

Situation
Situation overview (last update: 19-Feb-2012 09:43 by Albrecht Beck (OCHA))
Madagascar Cyclone Giovanna
Source: OCHA
Provider: OCHA
Update 19-Feb:
The two joint assessments teams are back to the capital and are processing information
collected in cyclone-affected areas.
? Delivery of humanitarian assistance is ongoing in the severely affected areas, namely in the
districts of Brickaville, Vatomandry and Moramanga (in eastern Madagascar), and the capital
Antananarivo.
? To date, 17 deaths have been reported, while the number of people injured is estimated at 65. At
present, 3,226 people are still displaced in temporary shelters, in particular in the districts of
Brickaville, Vatomandry, Mahanoro, Mampikony and the capital Antananarivo. The rest of those
reportedly displaced have already returned home.
? The number of damaged schools is estimated at 41. The majority of them are located in
Brickaville and Antananarivo.
? Prepositioned stocks are currently being distributed.
? The BNGRC has announced that it will initiate fundraising locally with bilateral donors,
depending on the needs.


Giovanna made landfall on the eastern coast of Madagascar at 2.00 a.m. on 14 February 2012 as a
category 4 tropical cyclone and exited the western coast of the island at 4.00 p.m. the same day.
· The districts of Moramanga, Brickaville and Vatomandry in eastern Madagascar are the most
affected areas. An aerial assessment of the sectoral impact of Giovanna on affected areas started on
Wednesday 15 February.
· According to preliminary figures, 16 people died and 65 other were injured. To date 1,950 people
were displaced of whom 525 from the Capital City Antananarivo and 1,425 in the rest of the country.
· One hospital, 4 health centers and 5 schools have been seriously damaged most of them are located
in Brickaville.
· Main roads suffer minor damages and most of them have been since reopened to traffic

Update 15 Feb 12
The potential impact of Giovanna on Mozambique
Giovanna is currently crossing the Mozambique Channel as a tropical storm, and is expected to increase again in strength to a category 1 tropical cyclone as it head towards Mozambique. While not predicted to make landfall, Giovanna may bring heavy rains to southern Mozambique over the next 48 hours, particularly to Inhambane Province. Southern Mozambique experienced significant flooding three weeks ago which affected 62,000 people. Mozambican authorities are monitoring Giovanna and have started to prepare. The National Civil Protection Unit (UNAPROC) and the Disaster Management Technical Council (CTGC) are planning to deploy to areas likely to be affected by 16 February to support local authorities in response, and Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) members have been requested to join the deployment team. Local authorities have also been directed to warn communities and ensure that precautionary measures are taken.

OCHA is also monitoring the potential effects of Giovanna on other countries in the region.

Please find attached OCHA Situation reports Nr. 1, 2, 3/14-15-19 February 2012
Madagascar Cyclone Giovanna
Madagascar Cyclone GiovannaUN ResCoord Sitrep 1
Madagascar Cyclone GiovannaMadagascar-Cylone Giovanna-Sitrep 2-20120215.pdf
Madagascar Cyclone GiovannaMadagascar-Cylone Giovanna-Sitrep 3-20120218_3w.pdf
Status of request of assistance (last update: 15-Feb-2012 14:33 by Sally Griffiths (OCHA))
Info from OCHA Regional Office for Southern Africa, supporting the RC and UNCT in Antananarivo in terms of preparadness and response to the Tropical Cyclone Giovanna:
After preliminary assessments, the impact is very localised and low, in comparaison with the expected impact in an initial moment. We are supporting the National Office for Disaster Risk Management (BNGRC) to facilitate the coordination and the response through the clusters/sectors. This morning, the BNGRC announced that the Governement does not expect to launch an official request for international support, so there are enough resources in-country to respond to this emergency, with the support of in-country partners. In this sense, the UNCT announced that a Flash Appeal will not be required, and other funds requests will be based in specific needs highlighted after the ongoing rapid assessment, only if needed. Please should you need further information, contact the OCHA Office in Madagascar (you can find the contact in our sitrep, published yesterday in reliefweb). In addition, we will be launched a second sitrep this afternoon with the latest information.
Affected areas (last update: 14-Feb-2012 16:22 by T. Peter (ERCC OCHA-Geneva))
Madagascar Cyclone Giovanna
Source: Stand-by Task Force
Provider: CROWDMAP
Overview of affected areas prodcued by Madagascar citysens
Additional information (last update: 15-Feb-2012 17:21 by Lorena Abalos (OCHA))
Emergency Shelter
Needs: Displacement has been reported in the district of Brickaville. In the district of Vatomandry, preliminary assessments of three different villages indicate that 7 out of 10 houses have been destroyed.
Response: BNGRC teams, together with the Malagasy Red Cross Society, are assessing the number and the needs of the displaced persons
Gaps and Constraints: It is at this stage still very difficult to conduct assessments, and teams will have to wait for the weather to clear.

Emergency Telecommunications and Logistics
Needs: The storm damaged some bridges and roads, especially between the district of Toamasina and the Capital Antananarivo. The Ministry of Public Works is assessing road damage.
Response: The Logistic Cluster has been activated. WFP is supporting BNGRC in data collection. Two (2) helicopters, one from CARE International and one from a mining project, as well as one plane stand ready to survey affected areas as soon as possible. Their mission will be to conduct aerial assessment and eventually deliver relief items to those displaced in areas with insufficient pre-positioned stocks.
Gaps and Constraints: Accessibility to some districts remains a challenge for the delivery of food and relief supplies.
- Attached are the updates regarding current GSM coverage in Madagascar.

Food Security and Livelihoods
There is still a threat of additional flooding in the coming days and it is too early to estimate the impacts of Giovanna on agricultural production.
Response: Food and rice seeds have been pre-positioned, a total of xxx MT in whole of the country.
Gaps and Constraints: Further assessments are needed to determine the impact of Giovanna on food security and agricultural production.

Health
Needs: Not known at present
Response: Medical supplies have been prepositioned in 22 regions across the country.

Water, Sanitation AND Hygiene (WASH)
Needs: Not known at present. UNICEF together with its partners is assessing the most urgent needs.
Response: WASH kits and materials have been prepositioned in at-risk districts.
Madagascar Cyclone GiovannaThe Following are updates regarding current GSM Coverage in Madagascar.docx
Madagascar Cyclone GiovannaMadagascar Cyclone Giovanna GSM coverage update 2.pdf

 

Coordination
Additional information (last update: 14-Feb-2012 16:02 by Albrecht Beck (OCHA))
In preparation for the current cyclone season, the National Contingency Plan was updated in October 2011. In line with this plan, BNGRC coordinates the response in collaboration with partners (national NGOs, ministries, private sector) and with support from the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT).

On Friday 10 February 2012, a first meeting between BNGRC, the Inter-Cluster Coordination Team, and the Malagasy Meteorological Services took place to anticipate any emergency measures and activate the National Contingency Plan. Regular meeting has been held on daily basis to monitor action taken and identify additional action.

Several UN agencies have deployed staff to reinforce the BNGCR response capacity. The all attend the daily meetings called by the BNGRC at the new Operation center. UNICEF, WFP, FAO, UNFPA, WHO emergency staff are currently undertaking rapid needs assessment missions in the affected areas and data collected by humanitarian actors are currently being used to inform the UN SITREPS. WFP warehouse in the East coast have not been affected, meaning food and Non-food items (NFI) distribution could start as soon as weather permits. An updated inventory of UN and other humanitarian actors food and NFI stockpiles are available. Over 1,000 metric tons of mixed commodities have been prepositioned along the affected areas by WFP, CARE (Antalata, Vaingandrano), AAA ( Farafangana), RMT (Manakara), Caritas (Morondava , Farafangana), BDEM ( Nosy Varika , Manajary). WFP has a logistics base in Tamatave with 6 staff and around 700 Mmetric tons of mixed commodities, including 22.3 metric tons of High Energy Biscuits. The next UN post-crisis meeting is called tomorrow morning just after the SMT meeting scheduled to take place on Wednesday 15 at 08:30.

 

Media
Additional information (last update: 14-Feb-2012 16:11 by Albrecht Beck (OCHA))
A category four cyclone pummelled Madagascar's eastern shores on Tuesday, killing at least one person and causing power shutdowns in some major towns according to authorities. In the eastern port city of Tamatave, schools and offices were closed for a second day as heavy rains and powerful gusts lashed the seaboard after Cyclone Giovanna hit the island.
In the capital Antananarivo, the authorities cut off power and ordered drivers to stay off the roads and businesses to shut their doors as torrential rains persisted into Tuesday.
A special weather bulletin in the morning warned of "imminent danger".
Data supplied by the U.S. Navy and Air Force Joint Typhoon Warning Center showed sustained winds of around 231 km (143 miles) per hour driving the category 4 cyclone into Madagascar. The eye of the storm made landfall south of Tamatave.
The U.S. space agency NASA's website said the cyclone was expected to weaken as it moved across the world's fourth largest island, where foreign firms are mining nickel and ilmenite and exploring for oil. (Reuters/AlertNet)

 

Secondary and Environmental Risks (HIT)
HIT Results
Facility Substances Hazard Type Estimated Impact Type Assessment Result
Electricity distribution Ammonia Gas toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on Human Health, Direct impact on life-support functions and nature These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Hospital/sterilizing industry Ethylene oxide Gas toxic to humans, carcinogenic, mutagenic Direct impact on human health Centre de Diagnostic de Tananarive, Anosivavaka, Antananarivo. Centre Hospitalier Regional, Toliara. Clinic Saint Francois d'Assise, Lalana Dokotera Rajaonale, Ankadifotsy, Antananarivo. Hopital Josephe Ravoahangy, Andrianavalona, Ampefiloha, Antananarivo Hopitaly Loterana Antanimalandy, Mahajanga. Hopitaly Loterana Antanimalandy, BP 653, Mahajanga. Hopitaly Loterana Manambara, BP 108, Fort-Dauphin. Hopital Principal de Toamasina. Befeletanana General Hospital, Antananarivo. Hopitaly Loterana Manambara Tolanaro. Medical Schools and Teaching Hospital of Antananarivo. Center Hospitalier Regional, Toliara. Hopital Principal de Toamasina.
Production of food and drink, including slaughterhouse Ammonia Gas toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on Human Health, Direct impact on life-support functions and nature These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Aerospace manufacture/repair (land-side, ie. parking lots, public transportation train stations, tank farms, access roads, etc.) Hydrofluoric acid, cyanide Liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic to humans, liquid toxic after contact with water Direct impact on life-support functions and nature (direct impact on human health) See "airports" below.
Agricultural services (including small storage) Mixed chemicals (fire) Gas toxic to humans (toxic smoke) Direct impact on human health These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Agriculture (animals, crops, forestry, fruit, etc.) Organotin pesticide, organochlorine pesticide, phenoxyacetic acid derivative pesticide, carbamate pesticide, substituted nitro phenol pesticide, organophosphorus pesticide, pyrethroid pesticide, triazine pesticide, mercury based pesticide, dithiocarbamate pesticide, mixed chemicals (fire) Toxic/persistent, carcinogenic, mutagenic, liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic to humans, flammable liquid, gas toxic to humans (toxic smoke) Long-term impact, direct impact on life-supportfunctions and nature (direct impact on human health) These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Airports (air-side, ie. runways, taxiways, ramps, tank farms, etc.) Kerosene Liquid toxic to the environment, toxic/persistent Long-term impact, direct impact on life-support functions and nature Too numerous to list: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airports_in_Madagascar
Breeding and keeping animals Mixed chemicals (fire) Gas toxic to humans (toxic smoke) Direct impact on human health These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Bus-, tram- and metro, taxi, touring car stations Solvents, cleaning agents Liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic after contact with water, carcinogenic, mutagenic, flammable liquid, toxic/persistent Direct impact on human health, long-term impact These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Defense Hydrazine, fuel, explosives Liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic to humans, flammable liquid, toxic/persistent (explosive) Long-term impact, direct impact on life-support functions and nature (direct impact on human health) ANTONONARIVO: Macromedia Limitied, Antononarivo.
Energy production and distribution (steam, propane/butane, oil and solvents, etc.) Natural gas, propane, butane, ammonia Flammable gas, gas toxic to the environment, gas toxic to humans Direct impact on human health These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Fish farming Mixed chemicals (fire) Gas toxic to humans (toxic smoke) Direct impact on human health These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Forestry and -services (including small storage) Mixed chemicals (fire) Gas toxic to humans (toxic smoke) Direct impact on human health These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Gas distribution Natural gas Flammable gas, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on human health Galana Distribution, Antananarivo, Antananarivo.
Gas service stations (with LPG) Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) Flammable gas, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on human health These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Hydro dams -- -- Dam stability might be affected, dammed water, high voltage electricity DAM NAME, river, nearest town, province: ANDILAMENA, Bemaitso, Andilamena, Toamasina Province. ANDILAMENA, Ambodivato, Andilamena, Toamasina Province. ANTANIFOTSY, Antanifotsy, Ambatondrasaka, Toamasina Province. DABARA, Morondava, Morondava, Toliara Province. LILY RIVER HYDRO FACILITY PROJECT DEVELOPMENT, Lily River, Antananarivo Province. MANANDRIANA, Manandriana, Antananarivo, Antananarivo Province. MANDRAKA, Mandraka, Antananarivo, Antananarivo Province. MANTASOA, Varahina Nord, Antananarivo, Antananarivo Province. MORAFENO–TANAMBAO, Anony, Ambatondrazaka, Toamasina Province. SAHAMALOTO, Sahamaloto, Amparafaravola, Toamasina Province. SAHANIVOTRY Hydro-Electric Power Plant, Sahanivotry River, Antananarivo Province. VARAHINA SUD, Varahina sud, Antananarivo, Antananarivo Province.
Iron and steel foundries Cleaning agents, solvents Liquid toxic to the environment, flammable liquid, toxic/persistent, liquid toxic after contact with water, carcinogenic, mutagenic Direct impact on human health, direct impact on life-support functions and nature, long-term impact These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Loading and storage ships (oil and solvents, hazardous, etc.) Oil and solvents Liquid toxic to the environment, toxic/persistent, combustible Direct impact on human health Port with liner service: Toamasina, Port of Toamasina. Port without liner service: Andoany, Port of Andoany; Antalaha, Port of Antalaha; Diego Suarez, Port of Diego Suarez; Majunga, Port of Majunga; Manakara, Port of Manakara; Mananjary, Port of Mananjary; Morondava, Port of Morondava; Port Saint Louis, Port of Port Saint Louis; Tolagnaro, Port of Tolagnaro; Tulear, Port of Tulear.
Mining (gold, copper, nickel) Arsenic, mercury, cyanide Toxic/persistent, carcinogenic, mutagenic, solid toxic after contact with water, liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic to humans, liquid toxic after contact with water, gas toxic to the environment Long-term impact (direct impact on human health, direct impact on life-support functions and nature) Gold: ANDAVAKOERA; ANDRAMASINA, Antsirabe (45 km E); BERENTY, Antananarivo (530 km SW); BERERE, Antananarivo (230 km); BETSIAKA GOLD DEPOSIT, Antsiranana; EAST FIANAR, Fianarantsoa Province; FARATSIHO, Antananarivo (85 km SW); ITEA, Ambositra (40km); KELIMAIZINA PROPERTY, north-central Madagascar; KIANJAVATO, Antananarivo (300 km S); MAEVATANANA, Antananarivo (150 km N); MAROVATO, Antananarivo (120 km E); MOUNTAIN OF GOLD, Antananarivo (180 km); RAFIATOKANA, Antananarivo (240 km W); THE P-49, unknown location; THE EJEDA, Toliara; TSIDIDY PROPERTY, Fianarantsoa; VAVATENINA, Antananarivo (240 km NE). Copper, Gold: GOGOGOGO, Antananarivo (650 km); BESAKOA; SEKENY, Antananarivo (250 km SW). Nickel: AMBATOVY, Antananarivo (130 km); AMPANIHY, Toliara Province; RANOMENA, Fianarantsoa; VALOZORO, FIANARANTSOA (60 km); Vohibory, unknown location.
Oil and gas mining (onshore, offshore) Oil and solvents, natural gas Liquid toxic to the environment, toxic/persistent, flammable gas, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on human health Offshore oil and gas: Block 1001/1002, Ambilobe, Antsiranana Province; Ampasindava; Block 2101, Antonibe, Mahajanga; Block 2103, Majunga South, Mahajanga ; Block 3105, Manambolo, Toamasina; Block 3106, Morondava, Toliara Province; Block 3107, Mananadaza, Toliara; Cape Sainte Marie region; Tsiribihina, Morondova basin, Toliara; Tulear, Toliara. Onshore oil and gas: Block 2102, Majunga; Block 3102, Bemolanga; Block 3104, Tsimiroro; Block 3105, Tsiribihina.
Production of agricultural chemicals Chlorine, carbon disulfide Gas toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment, liquid toxic to the environment Direct impact on human health These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Production of cardboard and paper Chlorine bleaching Gas toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on life-support functions and nature These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Production of chemicals - other Dimethylsulphate, chloride salts Liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic to humans Direct impact on human health, direct impact on life-support functions and nature Magalasy Trading and Services, Antananarivo 101, BP 8512. SEPCM, bd Ratsimandrave Soanierana, BP 134 Antananarivo.
Production of clothing (including painting and printing) Solvents Liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic after contact with water, carcinogenic, mutagenic Long-term impact These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Production of fertilizer Ammonium nitrate, ammonia Liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic to humans, gas toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on human health These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Production of industrial gasses Monovinylchloride, ethene, hydrogen chloride, propane, oxygen Gas toxic to humans, carcinogenic, mutagenic/gas toxic to the environment/gas toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment/flammable gas, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on human health Anosivavaka - Ambohimanarina, 101 Antananarivo, Societe d'Oxygene et d'Acetylene de Madagascar (SOAM).
Production of sugar Sulfur dioxide Gas toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on human health, direct impact on life-support functions and nature These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Production of textiles Solvents Liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic after contact with water, carcinogenic, mutagenic Long-term impact These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Production of wood Solvents Liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic after contact with water, carcinogenic, mutagenic Long-term impact These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Railway stations (no marshalling) Cleaning agents, solvents Liquid toxic to the environment, flammable liquid, toxic/persistent, liquid toxic after contact with water, carcinogenic, mutagenic Direct impact on human health, long-term impact, direct impact on life-support functions and nature MORAMANGA; TOAMASINA; BRICKAVILLE; VOHIDIALA; ANDEKALEKA.
Refinery of oil and solvents and gas (including storage) Oil and solvents, natural gas Liquid toxic to the environment, toxic/persistent, flammable gas, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on human health Solima Refinery, B.P. 60 Immeuble Ikopa Center, Antananarivo, Antananarivo. Tomasina Refinery, Galana Raffinerie.
Scrap yards (collection) and car scrap yards Cleaning agents, solvents Liquid toxic to the environment, flammable liquid, toxic/persistent, liquid toxic after contact with water, carcinogenic, mutagenic Long-term impact, direct impact on life-support functions and nature These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Swimming facilities Chlorine bleaching Gas toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment Direct impact on life-support functions and nature Hotel La Piscine, La Corniche, Boulevard Marcoz, Mahajanga.
Tanning industry Aniline, cyanide, ammonium sulfate, sulfuric acid, arsenic, chromium (III) Carcinogenic, mutagenic, liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic after contact with water, liquid toxic to humans, toxic/persistent, solid toxic after contact with water Direct impact on human health, long-term impact These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.
Textile industry (including dyes) Naphthalene, benzene, bromine, chlorine, alkali, sodium nitrate, sodium sulfide Toxic/persistent, solid toxic after contact with water, carcinogenic, mutagenic, liquid toxic to the environment, liquid toxic to humans, gas toxic to the environment, gas toxic to humans Direct impact on human health These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Wholesale fertilizers Ammonium nitrate Explosive, solid toxic after contact with water Direct impact on human health These facilities may be present in the affected area.
Wood treating industry Pentachlorophenol, creosote, chromium (III), arsenic, copper salts Liquid toxic to humans, solid toxic after contact with water/liquid toxic to the environment, carcinogenic, mutagenic/toxic/persistent Direct impact on Human Health These facilities are expected in the affected area, but an exact location could not be identified.

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