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FL-2011-000135-THA - Southeast Asia: Flooding

 

Additional information (last update: 13-Oct-2011 18:24 by annette rolfe)

Thailand: According to the Royal Thai Government (RTG), 269 people have died and 2.34 million are affected in 30 provinces across the country. To date, 30 affected provinces have been declared “disaster areas”. Twelve provinces, including Bangkok, are on high alert for heavy rain and overflowing rivers. Flood has caused damages to rice plantations, farmland, and millions of livestock; sixty main highways in 17 provinces and 154 roads in 28 provinces are impassable.

Vietnam: As of 10 October, about 57,600 houses have been flooded and nearly 1,900 households evacuated in seven affected provinces, with An Giang and Dong Thap remaining the worst affected (see map). About 234,000 students cannot go to schools which are either flooded or damaged. A total of 23,922 hectares of rice paddy are flooded and 6,553 hectares totally destroyed. Over 660 hectares of fish farming ponds and nearly 800 km of roads have been flooded. Flood water is expected to remain at high levels until mid-October.

Cambodia: The latest government figures on affected populations and estimated damages are still coming in with the toll rising fast. The estimated number of affected people is over 200,000 and the number of evacuated needing shelter and immediate assistance is approximately 35,000 HHs. The worst affected areas have shifted to provinces downstream including Prey Veng, Kandal, and Kratie (see attached map). In Kratie, 22 deaths were reported last week alone.

Laos: The flooding and landslides triggered by Tropical Storms Haima, Nok Ten, and heavy monsoon rains destroyed over 64,000 hectares of farmland, 323 roads and 42 bridges and caused damages to schools, hospitals, tourist sites, electricity and water installations in 96 districts of 12 provinces. Champasack has also been affected by the overflow of the Mekong River.

Philippines: According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) in the Philippines, over 4 million people have been affected by typhoon Nesat and Nalgae, with over 727,000 people requiring assistance. An estimated US$286 million worth of agriculture and infrastructure have been damaged. Joint Government/HCT assessments in the worst affected and densely populated southern provinces of Bulacan and Pampanga have identified water, sanitation and hygiene and health as the most urgent needs.

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Southeast Asia: Flooding
Southeast Asia: Flooding Cambodia Flood Sitrep No 4, 19 Oct 11.doc
Southeast Asia: Flooding Viet Nam Mekong and Central region Floods Sitrep No10 20Oct 2011.pdf

 

 

Priority Needs and Gaps

Additional information (last update: 13-Oct-2011 18:50 by annette rolfe)
Thailand
According to the government (through The National Flood Relief Centre), urgent needs include food, drinking water, medicine, and non-electrical cooking utensils.

Cambodia
It is estimated that more than 80% of evacuated families have no materials with which to build shelter. The safe places or places designated for internally displaced are increasingly over-crowded. Nearly 73% of people in the IDP sites are women and children.

The destruction of property, rice cultivation fields, and subsequent livelihoods is reportedly substantial. Many food stocks have been destroyed by rising flood water along with rice crops due for harvesting in November and December. Immediate food assistance is required. Other major concerns include inadequate health care services while random health screening data shows the most prominent diseases to be generalized fever, diarrhea, typhoid, skin problems, acute respiratory infection, and malnutrition.

Viet Nam
Joint rapid needs assessment by UNICEF, WHO, Save the Children, Oxfam, Care International and Vietnam Red Cross (VRC) have identified needs in food, shelter, WASH, health, education, protection (for rescue and security – rope, life vests, boats, bulldozers, etc), child protection, logistics and livelihoods.

Lao PDR
Immediate emergency needs are being met by the Government. However, the GoL indictaed that international support will be needed in livelihood recovery and reparation of structural and infrastructure damages - road and bridge infrastructure, power supply system, irrigation system, drainage canals and dykes, schools and health centres/units.

The Philippines
OCHA Philippines is tracking needs assessments and 3w (who, what, where) of humanitarian partners in the typhoon affected areas. The assessment matrix and reports are available on the Philippines Humanitarian Response website: http://ph.one.un.org/response/assessments.php
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Response and Coordination
Clusters (last update: 13-Oct-2011 16:59)
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National response (last update: 13-Oct-2011 18:45 by annette rolfe)
Thailand
Relief efforts are coordinated by the Government through the 24-hour flood relief operation centre at Don Mueang Airport in Bangkok. At the provincial level, command centres have been established, chaired by the Governor and supported by provincial DDPM. A number of evacuation centre have been set up to provide shelter to the affected people.

According to the Government, it has spent 2.46 billion baht ($80 million) of its emergency budget in helping flood victims between 1 August and 10 October. The province that received the largest amount was Ayutthaya at 500 million baht ($16 million), followed by Nakhon Sawan and Sukhothai (300 million baht each or $9.7 million) (see attached map). It was estimated that If the flooding continues for another two months, the government will need two billion baht ($65 million) in additional funding, making total spending on flood relief to reach five billion baht ($162 million). The Government confirmed it has adequate budget to cover this and need no international financial support.

The Royal Thai Military and the Royal Thai Police have mobilized resources including over 12,000 personnel and are providing food assistance. Department of Public Health, Provincial Public Health Office and Emergency Medical Institute of Thailand have also been providing medical assistance including 1.34 million emergency medical sets. Thai Red Cross (TRC), the Rajaprachanukroh Foundation under Royal Patronage and the Royal family, as well as local non-governmental organizations are also providing relief assistance including over 85,100 sets of emergency relief kits and over 400,000 bottles of drinking water.

Cambodia
While the Cambodian Red Cross (CRC) and the Provincial Disaster Management Teams are providing relief assistance, the National Committee for Disaster Management is stepping up its efforts to bring humanitarian agencies together alongside all stakeholders.

Vietnam
Central ministries are working with provincial and local authorities to respond to the needs on the ground. While there is no formal international request, the INGOs working in the affected Mekong Delta areas are welcome to provide direct support to local government requests.

The National institute for Nutrition, with UNICEF support, will provide 18,000 sachets of multiple micronutrient powder for children in the most affected communities in An Giang and Don Thap.

The Fatherland Front in Don Thap provided VN700 million ($33,700) for urgent humanitarian needs. The People’s Committee for An Giang advanced VND130 billion ($6.25 million) for dyke repair and reinforcement.

VRC in An Giang and Don Thap have provided human resources, equipment (buoys and life vests), food, purification tablets, and plastic sheets and blankets to the affected people.

Lao PDR
Immediate emergency needs are being met by the Government. The Government has so far provided cash and essentials to provincial authorities worth over 984.39 million Kip ($123,000) to assist flood victims.

Philippines
The Government is leading the response and has not requested international assistance. The NDRRMC is addressing the immediate needs of the affected population for those registered inside and outside of the evacuation centers, supported by the Philippines Red Cross and humanitarian partners. As of 7 October, the Government has allocated $2.8 million for the typhoon response. These resources were mainly distributed through the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), Local Government Units (LGUs) and Department of Health.

The NDRRMC remain alert that further storms could potentially impact the areas reeling from the double typhoon impact in the weeks to come.
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International response (last update: 13-Oct-2011 18:45 by annette rolfe)
Thailand
Some UN agencies and INGOs have already begun working with and offering specific support to relevant ministries in some aspects of the relief works.

To date, TRC received $19,000 from Norwegian Red Cross and 1 million baht ($33,000) from USAID. A total of $170,000 was disbursed from the South East Asia Region Health Emergency Fund (SEARHEF) to the Emergency Medical Institute of Thailand (EMIT). China has given $1million in cash and $1.5 million in kind assistance to the RTG. Japan will provide emergency relief goods, such as tents and water purifiers, worth 12 million baht ($400,000) to Thailand through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). New Zealand will contribute in-cash support of about 2.3 million baht ($75,000) to flood-affected people through the Thai Red Cross. ROAP also offered support through the OCHA Emergency Cash Grant and the CERF (still to be discussed with the Government).

Cambodia
INGOs at the provincial level have been working with the PDMC to provide assistance in WASH, NFI, food, and health.

Viet Nam
On 9 October, the Disaster Management Working Group (UN, INGOs, Red Cross community) met to discuss the findings of the joint UN-INGO-VRC rapid assessment and agree for the next steps to meet the needs in Mekong flood affected areas.

UNICEF is providing $210,000 for WASH, education, child protection, health and nutrition supplies in An Giang and Don Thap. Save the Children plans to distribute hygiene and household kits, education kits (worth $172,000) in An Giang and Don Thap. Care plans to provide food packages for 892 households in the two same provinces. The RC Office has indicated the possible need to request an OCHA Emergency Cash Grant of $100,000.

Lao PDR
Save the Children, World Vision, Oxfam, that have programmes in some flood affected provinces such as Borikhamxay are coordinating to avoid overlapping areas. ROAP has informed the UNRC Office of its readiness to provide technical and funding appeal support if required.

The Philippines
Humanitarian partners located in-country continue to provide technical assistance where requested. The RC/HC in the Philippines emphasised the importance of focusing on early recovery immediately following the emergency phase as it directly impacts on the livelihoods of the affected families, exacerbating their struggle to return their lives.

The Philippines Red Cross launched an appeal for donations on 4 October for US$3.85 million to support its on-going relief services, and support long-term intervention for the hardest struck cities and provinces. The appeal aims to reach 50,000 families over eight months. AusAID released pre-positioned non-food items with the Philippine Red Cross to support an initial 10,000 families valued at US$582,000. The Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation is assessing the situation and exploring options to provide immediate assistance through its partner INGOs and government channels, also through the UN system for later early recovery efforts.
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